The electrical activation and carrier mobility of InP implanted with the group‐IV elements at MeV energies has been studied as a function of implanted atom (C, Si, Ge, and Sn) and rapid thermal annealing temperature (500–800 °C). In addition, electrical results have been correlated with photoluminescence (PL) measurements. In general, for a dose of 5×1014/cm2 and a projected range of ∼1.0 μm, the electrical activation and carrier mobility increase then saturate with increasing annealing temperature. Similarily, PL emission intensity increases with increasing annealing temperature. At a temperature of 750 °C, the electrically active fraction increases from C, Ge, Si, to Sn, respectively, while carrier mobility and PL emission intensity decreases with increasing atomic mass. Thus, Sn exhibits the highest electrical activation yet lowest carrier mobility with little optically observable, postanneal lattice recovery.